What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy?

Last updated on September 13, 2021

What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy

Italian food makes me giddy. I’m obsessed. The pizza, pasta, gelato, wine and coffee are among my favourite foods in the world. It’s one of the reasons Steve and I return to Italy again and again and ended up choosing to go there for our babymoon. But one of the things I was worried about was how being pregnant would affect the foods I could eat. I struggled to find straight-forward information online, so here’s a post rounding up the dos and don’ts of eating when pregnant in Italy – including the most crucial questions – can you eat gelato while pregnant?!

The rules are different in Italy

First of all, bear in mind that the rules about what you should and shouldn’t eat during pregnancy differ around the world, so the guidelines in Italy might be different to your home country. It’s therefore no use to tell a waiter, cook or hotel you’re pregnant and expect them to know what you can and can’t eat. Instead you’ll need to check yourself. If you’re worried people aren’t taking you seriously, then a good trick is to say you’re allergic to whichever ingredient you’re concerned about.

What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy

The rules are different for everyone

Not only do rules differ around the world, but people’s own approach to those rules vary too. Some women are happy to have the odd sip of wine here and there while others won’t touch it at all. Some eat raw eggs, others don’t. And if you delve into the internet you find a mind-bogglingly array of conflicting advice and research. Ultimately, it’s a personal choice and for the purpose of this post, I’m following the NHS’s guidelines, which you can find here.

What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy


In the UK, we’re advised to avoid mould-ripened soft cheese, soft blue cheese and unpasteurised soft cheese due to the risk of listeria. Thoroughly cooking these cheeses kills the bacteria, so, for example, unpasteurised mozzarella on a pizza is fine and so is goats cheese if it’s cooked through.

However caprese salads are out unless you know the cheese was pasteurised. We found that in most cases it wasn’t, so despite being in the home of fresh buffalo mozzarella, I sadly had to abstain. A lot of pizzas and pasta dishes are also served with raw mozzarella, so look out for that too.

On the bright side, all hard cheese, including unpasteurised varieties, is safe, so you can eat all the parmesan you like.

What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy

Raw/partially cooked eggs

As I said before, not everyone follows this, but the NHS advises avoiding partially cooked or raw eggs to avoid the risk of salmonella. I found that the main places to look out for these in Italy were desserts, pizza toppings and gelato. Tiramisu uses raw eggs and so does mousse. Ask about other desserts if you’re unsure.

Can you eat gelato while pregnant?

Yes, most of the time you can eat gelato when pregnant.

Unlike ice cream, gelato isn’t traditionally made with raw egg, but there are some flavours that do include it. We always asked in each gelateria, and found that it tends to be the creamy, yellow-coloured gelato that includes egg, for example crema or zabaglione.

Some people say the temperature of the gelato kills the bacteria, but I couldn’t find anything to verify this, and the NHS says not to eat ice-cream made with raw egg, so I decided to stay on the safe side. There was plenty of gelato I could (and did) eat – in fact I had a gelato every day!

Can you eat fresh egg pasta when pregnant?

While fresh pasta is made with egg, when you eat it it’s been cooked through, so it’s on the safe list. You can eat fresh egg pasta when pregnant.

What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy


I didn’t come across an vegetarian pâté on our trip, but again it’s on the list of things to avoid. That applies to meat pâtés too.

Raw and undercooked meat / Cold cured meats

I’m vegetarian so didn’t need to worry about this, but it’s advised to avoid all raw or undercooked meats, so no carpaccio or rare steaks. And cold cured meats are also an issue – it’s advised that you freeze them for four days before eating to kill off parasites, and that would be hard to check with a restaurant – that means it’s likely best to avoid cured meats such as parma ham, pepperoni and chorizo unless they’ve been cooked thoroughly or you know for sure they were frozen for four days first. And also avoid liver and game.

What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy

Fish and shellfish

Again, this didn’t apply to me, so I know very little about the rules on fish and shellfish. I’d recommend looking at the NHS guidelines for more details.


Another one of Italy’s treats to consider is coffee. The recommended guidelines in the UK are to limit your intake to 200mg per day. A filter coffee is estimated to include 140mg, so one coffee a day should be fine. But also bear in mind that other things, such as soft drinks, tea and chocolate, also contain caffeine, so it has to be a balancing act. I had a few macchiatos while there, but tended to stick to decaf.

What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy


And finally there’s the wine, spritz’, prosecco, limoncello and all the other alcohol Italy is famed for. Again, the rules on this differ around the world and it’s not unusual for many European women to have the odd glass of wine in pregnancy.

But, even if you’re okay with a sip/glass here and there, this won’t be a holiday where you’re indulging as you please. A good idea is to buy a few bottles from the places you visit and take them home with you – something to savour and celebrate with once the baby arrives!

Useful phrases

I’m pregnant: Sono incinta.

I’m allergic to: Sono allergico a…

egg: uova

shellfish: frutti di mare/pesce/crostacei/gamberetti

alcohol: alcol

Do you have pasteurised cheese?: Hai del formaggio pastorizzato?

And don’t forget the granita! Sooo refreshing! Pictured: a very happy pregnant lady 🙂
What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy

12 thoughts on “What food to avoid when pregnant in Italy?”

  1. Hello! Thank you for this very helpful posts! 🙂
    Did you eat salad in Restaurants? Did you ask if they were well washed?

    Kind regards,

    • I did eat salad. The water is safe in Italy, so I treated it the same as I would in the UK. Glad the post was helpful!

  2. Hello! Thanks again for the helpful post! Along the lines of what Francisca asked, did you eat the fresh fruit that is often offered at the end of meals or during breakfast at hotels?


    • Yes I did because pizza gets cooked in a very high temperature oven. But I didn’t eat pizzas with fresh mozzarella that had been added after the rest of the pizza was cooked.

  3. Hi,
    Thanks for your post! Did you get milk in your coffee from coffee shops? Do they generally use pasteurized milk?


Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.